Someone who has the mood swings with a very extreme form of mania (happiness) and depression (sadness) overload without pattern and definite time often referred to have bipolar disorder.
Any researchers do not know for sure what the cause of bipolar disorder, although genetic and environmental factors are considered involved.
However, a successful new findings reveal two patterns of symptoms that can be used to predict the development of bipolar disorder in young people.
Published in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry, the research team hopes its findings can give early warning against a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings and very hard to diagnosed.
To find out approximately the prodmoral signs and symptoms or signs that seem before the bipolar disorder arises, an global team of researchers searching on the 39 preceding studies of prodromal symptoms and risk factors for bipolar disorder. They sort out the findings to see patterns that occur.
“There’s evidence that the numerous signs and symptoms of psychopathological origins, conduct exchange, and exposure has a statistically vast association with a prognosis of bipolar disorder in the future,, ” wrote Gianni Faedda, psychiatrist New York, together with his team in the as quoted from Science Research Alert, Monday (15/1/2018).
“Several factors to anticipate the attacks of bipolar disorder syndrome until the years, ” sambungnya.
The pattern of the first symptoms were found by researchers was homotipik, that is similar to the symptoms of bipolar disorder itself. These symptoms include mood changes, periods of stimulation, and deep depression like bipolar disorder yet still not seekstrem bipolar disorder.
The research team describes the condition as low sensitivity, where most young people with these symptoms did not immediately become bipolar. However, these symptoms also have moderate to high superior specificity, meaning these symptoms appear in many people who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder.
The second symptom pattern called heterotipik. The pattern of these symptoms different from bipolar disorder. Here, the list includes anxiety disorders, attention disorders, and behavior such as attention deficit hyperactivity.
Sensitivity and specificity belongs lower on this pattern, so relatively few young people who experience these symptoms then become bipolar and vice versa.
In all the studies reviewed, they note that before experiencing bipolar disorder is diagnosed, patients have experienced symptoms such as mentioned above.
The analysis also produces some of the risk factors of bipolar disorder that had been found in previous research, such as head injuries, exposure to illegal drugs, physical or sexual abuse, stress, and was born prematurely.
When someone is known to have the risk of bipolar disorder, the research team said that it was not enough for doctors to be able to stop the development.